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[其他] 太空垃圾撞擊月球表面[PDF+MP3@MEGA@IE@12.5MB]

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發表於 2022-8-1 22:26:32 | 顯示全部樓層 |閱讀模式

7/13 解析英語
•        作者 Analytical Editors
據報導,有一塊巨大的太空垃圾在三月四日撞擊月球背面。
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目錄 / More to Learn / 中文翻譯(& 答案)

新聞英語

        On March 4, a massive piece of space junk reportedly crashed into the far side of the Moon. Due to its location facing away from the Earth, it may take months to identify the impact site of the object. However, scientists predict the crash will have little effect on the Moon besides forming a new crater .

        The junk was initially thought to belong to an old SpaceX rocket after astronomers first noticed the object heading towards the Moon. However, it was later found that the debris was most likely a Chinese-owned rocket. Chinese officials have denied this, saying the rocket in question had burned up when re-entering the Earth’s atmosphere.

        While the rocket’s original owner and its impact on the Moon are not significant, the issue does raise an important question about space junk. It’s estimated that there are currently more than 30,000 pieces of space junk larger than 10 centimeters in orbit around the Earth. These objects pose very little threat to us because they burn up in the atmosphere if they start to fall back to the planet.

        However, these objects can be a significant threat to satellites and other devices. These scrap pieces move at speeds of up to eight kilometers per second and cause severe damage if they collide with essential devices in space. As a result, a growing group of scientists are calling for action to resolve this issue before it affects our ability to travel into space.





1. Which of the following is true about the space junk that hit the Moon?

(A)  It was visible from the Earth when it struck the Moon.

(B)  Astronomers did not notice it until it crashed into the Moon.

(C)  A crater might be formed because of the impact of the junk.

(D)  It was supposed to burn up in the atmosphere before it reached the Moon.

2. According to the passage, why is space junk a serious concern?

(A)  It can threaten important satellites.

(B)  It can cost a lot of money to clean it up.

(C)  It can cause serious damage to the Moon.

(D)  It can fall back down to Earth and harm people.

3. What are an increasing number of scientists asking for?

(A)  Construction of more rockets to travel to space.

(B)  Further research into the far side of the Moon.

(C)  The problem of space trash to be addressed.

(D)  Protection of scientific satellites in space.



答案:1.C   2.A   3.C

>> 確診後遺症~長新冠症候群!頭痛、咳嗽 persist
單字片語整理
Words in Use

atmosphere [ˋætməs͵fɪr]

n. 大氣;空氣;氛圍

resolve [rɪˋzɑlv]

vt. 解決;下決心
n. 決心(不可數)

device [dɪˋvaɪs]

n. 裝置;設計

identify [aɪˋdɛntə͵faɪ]

vt. 指認,認定;視為同一
vi. 對……感同身受(與介詞 with 並用)

massive [ˋmæsɪv]

a. 巨大的;大量的

initially [ɪˋnɪʃəlɪ]

adv. 開始時,最初

estimate [ˋɛstə͵met]

.vt. 估計

severe [səˋvɪr]

a. 嚴厲的;十分嚴重的

predict [prɪˋdɪkt]

vt. 預測

issue [ˋɪʃjʊ]

n. 重大議題;爭議;期刊
vt. 發行

orbit [ˋɔrbɪt]

n. 軌道
vt. 繞軌道運行

satellite [ˋsæt!͵aɪt]


scrap [skræp]

n. 一小片 (紙、布) ; 少量,一點點
vt. 丟棄,廢除

debris [dəˋbri]

n. 廢墟,殘垣斷瓦 (不可數)

visible [ˋvɪzəb!]

a. 肉眼可見的;顯而易見的

astronomer [əˋstrɑnəmɚ]

n. . 天文學家

crater [ˋkretɚ]

n. . 火山口

sb/sth in question 

正被談論的某人/物
Practical Phrases

burn up... 將(紙張、文件等)燒毀
= burn... up
The secretary burned up all the papers before the police came.
那祕書在警方來之前就燒毀了所有的文件。


belong to... 屬於……;是……的成員
All the things you see here belong to me.
你在這兒所看到的東西都屬於我。


call for... 需要⋯⋯;呼籲⋯⋯
Success calls for hard work and some good luck.
成功需要努力和一點好運。

Environmentalists are calling for immediate action to combat global warming.
環保人士呼籲立即採取行動遏止全球暖化。


face away from... 背對⋯⋯;把臉轉離開⋯⋯
Allison faced away from the blood when the doctor was cleaning her wounds.
醫生在清洗艾莉森的傷口時,她把臉轉開不看血。


pose little / no threat to... 對⋯⋯的威脅不大/沒有威脅
The factory owner claimed that the waste posed no threat to human health, but the residents didn’t believe him.
那位工廠老闆宣稱該廢料對人體的健康沒有危害,但居民不相信他。

More to Learn


slam into... 猛地撞上⋯⋯
slam [ slæm ] vi. 猛撞,猛擊

• The plane slammed into the mountain, and no one survived.

那架飛機猛然撞上山頭,沒人倖存下來。

介紹其他表「撞上......、與......相撞」的用法:

a. crash into... 撞上⋯⋯
crash [ kræʃ ] vi. 碰撞 & n. 碰撞事故

• The drunken driver crashed into a utility pole.

那名喝醉的駕駛撞上電線桿。

b. collide with... 與⋯⋯相撞

collide [ kəˋlaɪd ] vi. 相撞

• The van ran a red light and collided with a truck.

那臺廂型車闖紅燈,接著跟一臺卡車相撞。

c. bump into... 撞上/撞到⋯⋯

• Tina didn’t notice the glass door and bumped into it.

提娜沒注意到有玻璃門,就這樣撞上去。

d. smash into... 猛地撞上/猛然撞到⋯⋯

• Steve was using his phone while walking, and then he smashed into a wall.

史提夫邊走路邊滑手機,接著他猛然撞上一堵牆。

e. run into... (開車)撞上⋯⋯

• The sports car traveling too fast ran into a tree.

那輛車速過快的跑車撞到一棵樹。



中文翻譯(& 答案)


太空垃圾撞擊月球表面



        據報導,有一塊巨大的太空垃圾在三月四日撞擊月球背 面。由於事發位置背對地球,因此可能需要花費數月才能確 定太空垃圾的撞擊地點。然而,科學家預測,除了形成一個 新的隕石坑外,這次撞擊對月球沒什麼影響。

        在天文學家最初注意到太空垃圾朝月球的方向前進後, 原先認為其為屬於 SpaceX 之前的一枚火箭。不過,後來發 現太空垃圾最有可能是一枚中國擁有的火箭。中國官員否認 了這一點,宣稱提及的那枚火箭在重新進入地球大氣層時就 已燃燒殆盡。

        雖然火箭原主不重要,且其對月球的影響並不大,但這 個議題確實引發了一個關於太空垃圾的重要問題。據估計, 目前有超過三萬片大於十公分的太空垃圾在環繞地球的軌道 上運行。這些物體對我們構成的威脅不大,因為如果它們開 始掉落回到地球,其會在大氣層中燃燒殆盡。

        然而,這些物體可能會對衛星和其他設備構成一大威 脅。這些廢棄的碎片移動速度最高可達每秒八公里,而且如 果它們撞上太空中重要的設備,就會造成嚴重的損壞。因 此,越來越多科學家呼籲,在這個議題影響到人類進行太空 旅行的能力之前,要採取行動解決它。





1. 關於撞上月球的太空垃圾,下列哪一項是正確的?

(A) 當它撞擊月球時,可以從地球上看到。

(B) 直到它撞上月球,天文學家才注意到它。

(C) 因太空垃圾的撞擊,可能會形成一個坑。

(D) 在抵達月球之前,它就應在大氣層中燃燒殆盡。

2. 根據本文,為什麼太空垃圾是一個讓人憂心忡忡的問題?

(A) 那可能會危害到重要的衛星。

(B) 清理太空垃圾可能要花很多錢。

(C) 那會對月球造成嚴重的破壞。

(D) 太空垃圾會掉落回到地球並傷害人們。

3. 越來越多科學家要求的是什麼?

(A) 建造更多火箭以進行太空旅行。

(B) 對月球背面進行更深入的研究。

(C) 著手處理太空垃圾的問題。

(D) 保護太空中的科學用途衛星。








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